Computer Short Forms

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  1. ALU: Arithmetic logic unit
  2. ACPI: Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
  3. AC: Alternating Current
  4. AM: Amplitude Modulated
  5. AMD: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
  6. AMD: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
  7. AMI: American Megatrends Inc.
  8. ANSI: American National Standards Institute
  9. API: Application Program Interface
  10. APIC: Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
  11. APM: Advanced Power Management
  12. ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange
  13. ASIC: Application Specific Integrated Circuit
  14. ASPI: Advanced SCSI Programming InterfaceAT: Advanced Technology
  15. ATA: AT Bus Attachment
  16. ATAPI: ATA Packet Interface
  17. ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode
  18. BBS: Bulletin Board System
  19. BCC: Block Check Character
  20. BSC: Binary Synchronous Communications
  21. BSD: Berkeley Standard Distribution
  22. BTU: British Thermal Units
  23. BCD: Binary Coded Decimal
  24. BIOS: Basic Input / Output System
  25. BNC: Bayonet Nut Connector
  26. BPS: Bytes Per Second
  27. bps: bits Per Second
  28. CAM: Computer Aided Manufacturing
  29. CAD: Computer Aided Design
  30. CAS: Column Address Strobe
  31. CPU : Central Processing Unit
  32. CPI: Clocks Per Instruction
  33. CR: Carriage Return
  34. CUI : Composite User Interface
  35. CRT : Cathode Ray Tube
  36. CRC: Cyclical Redundancy Check
  37. CD: Carrier Detect & Compact Disc
  38. CD-R : Compact Disc-Recordable
  39. CD-RW : Compact Disc-ReWritable
  40. CD-ROM : Compact disc read-only memory
  41. CGA: Color Graphics Adapter
  42. CHS: Cylinder Head Sector
  43. COMPUTER: Common Oriented Machine Particularly Used for Trade Education and Research
  44. CMOS: Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
  45. CPLD: Complex Programmable Logic Device
  46. CSR: Command Status Register
  47. CRC: Cyclic Redundancy Check
  48. CTS: Clear To Send
  49. DVI : Digital Visual Interface
  50. DVD : Digital Video Disc or Digital Versatile Disc
  51. DAT: Digital Audio Tape
  52. DC: Direct Current
  53. DCD: Data Carrier Detect
  54. DCE: Data Circuit-terminating Equipment
  55. DD: Double Density
  56. DEC: Digital Equipment Corporation
  57. DIMM: Dual Inline Memory Module
  58. DIP: Dual-In-line Package
  59. DMA: Direct Memory Access
  60. DMI: Desktop Management Interface
  61. DOS: Disk Operating System
  62. DPE: Data Parity Error
  63. DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory
  64. DS: Double Sided
  65. DSP: Digital Signal Processor
  66. DSR: Data Set Ready
  67. DTA: Disk Transfer Area
  68. DTC: Data Terminal Controller
  69. DTE: Data Terminating Equipment
  70. DTR: Data Terminal Ready
  71. EBCDIC: Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
  72. EC: Error Check
  73. ECC: Error Check and Correction
  74. ECP: Enhanced Communication Port
  75. ECU: EISA Configuration Utility
  76. EDO: Extended Data Out RAM
  77. EEPROM: Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
  78. EGA: Enhanced Graphics Adapter
  79. EIA: Electronic Industries Association
  80. EIDE: Enhanced Integrated Device Electronics
  81. EISA: Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture
  82. EMI: Electro-Magnetic Interference
  83. EMF: Electro-Magnetic Force
  84. EMM: Expanded Memory Manager
  85. EMS: Expanded Memory Specification
  86. EOF: End Of File
  87. EOL: End Of Line
  88. EPP: Enhanced Parallel Port
  89. EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
  90. ESCD: Extended System Configuration Data
  91. ESD: Electro-Static Discharge
  92. ESDI: Enhanced Small Devices Interface
  93. FTP – File Transfer Protocol
  94. FAT: File Allocation Table
  95. FCC: Federal Communications Commission
  96. FDD: Fixed/Floppy Disk Drive
  97. FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface
  98. FDM: Frequency Division Multiplexing
  99. FDX: Full-Duplex Transmission
  100. FE: Front End
  101. FEP: Front End Processor
  102. FF: Form Feed
  103. FIFO: First-In First-Out
  104. FILO: First-In Last-Out
  105. FM: Frequency Modulation
  106. FPGA: Field Programmable Gate Array
  107. FPM: Fast Page Mode RAM
  108. FPU: Floating Point Unit
  109. FRC: Functional Redundancy Checking
  110. FRU: Field-Replaceable Unit
  111. FSF: Free Software Foundation
  112. FSK: Frequency Shifty Keying
  113. GUI : Graphical user interface
  114. GAS: Gallium Arsenide
  115. GFLOPS: Billions of Floating Point Operations Per Second
  116. HTML : Hyper Text Markup Language
  117. HD: High Density
  118. HDD: Hard Disk Drive
  119. HDX: Half-Duplex Transmission
  120. HFS: Hierarchical File System
  121. HPFS: High Performance File System
  122. IBM : International Business Machines
  123. I/O: Input/Output
  124. IC: Integrated Circuit
  125. IDE: Integrated Device Electronics
  126. IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
  127. IMP: Interface Message Processor
  128. IP: Internet Protocol
  129. IPC: Inter Process Communication
  130. IPX: Inter network Packet eXchange
  131. IRQ: Interrupt ReQuest
  132. ISA: Industry Standard Architecture
  133. ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network
  134. ISO: International Standards Organization
  135. ISR: Interrupt Service Routine
  136. IVT: Interrupt Vector Table
  137. JFS: Journalized File System
  138. KNI: Katmai New Instructions
  139. KVA: KiloVolt-Amps
  140. LBA: Linear Block Array / Addressing
  141. LCD : Liquid crystal display
  142. LAN : Local area network
  143. LOGO : Language of Graphic-Oriented
  144. LED: Light Emitting Diode
  145. LF: Line Feed
  146. LIF : Low Insertion Force
  147. LIM: Lotus/Intel/Microsoft’s Expanded Memory Manager
  148. LRU: Least-Recently Used
  149. LSB: Least Significant Byte/bit
  150. LSI: Large Scale Integration
  151. LUN: Logical Unit Number
  152. LASER : Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
  153. MAN : Metropolitan area network
  154. MESI: Modified/Exclusive/Shared/Invalid
  155. MIPS : Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages
  156. MSo : Micro Soft Office, Multi system operator
  157. MB/Mb: Mega Bytes/bits
  158. MBR: Master Boot Record
  159. MCA: Micro Channel Architecture
  160. MCGA: Multi-Color Graphics Array
  161. MCM: Multi-Chip Module
  162. MDRAM: Multi-bank RAM
  163. MFLOPS: Millions of FLOating Point Operations per Second
  164. MFM: Modified Frequency Modulated
  165. MHz: MegaHertz
  166. MICR: Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
  167. MIDI: Musical Instrument Data Interface
  168. MIMD: Multiple-Instruction Multiple-Data
  169. MISD: Multiple-Instruction Single Data
  170. MMX: Multi-Media Extensions
  171. MNP: Microcom Network Protocol
  172. MODEM: MOdulator / DEModulator
  173. MOPS: Millions of Operations Per Second
  174. MOS: Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
  175. MP: Multi-Processor
  176. MPP: Massively Parallel Processor
  177. MPS: Multi-Processor System
  178. MSB: Most Significant Byte/bit
  179. MSDOS: Microsoft’s Disk Operating System
  180. SI: Medium Scale Integration
  181. MTBF: Mean Time Between Failure
  182. N/C: No-Connect
  183. NBS: National Bureau of Standards
  184. NEMA: National Electrical Manufacturers Association
  185. NFS: Network File System
  186. NFU: Not-Frequently Used
  187. NIC: Network Interface Card
  188. NMI: Non-Maskable Interrupt
  189. NMOS: Negatively doped Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
  190. NOP: No OPeration NRU Not-Recently Used
  191. NOS: Network Operating System
  192. NSF: National Science Foundation
  193. NTFS: New Technology File System
  194. NVRAM: NonVolatile Random Access Memory
  195. OCR: Optical Character Recognition
  196. ODI: Open Data link Interface
  197. OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer
  198. OS: Operating System
  199. OSF: Open Software Foundation
  200. OSI: Open Systems Interconnect
  201. PAL: Programmable Array Logic
  202. PB: Push Button
  203. PBX: Private Branch eXtender
  204. PC: Personal Computer, Program Counter
  205. PCB: Printed Circuit Board
  206. PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect
  207. PCM: Pulse Code Modulation
  208. PCMCIA: Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
  209. PE: Processor Element
  210. PFF: Page Fault Frequency
  211. PGA: Professional Graphics Array
  212. PGA: Pin Grid Array
  213. PIC: Programmable Interrupt Controller
  214. PIO: Programmed Input / Output
  215. PIROM: Processor Information ROM
  216. PLA: Programmable Logic Array
  217. PLCC: Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier
  218. PLD: Programmable Logic Devices
  219. PLL: Phase Locked Loop
  220. PM: Preventive Maintenance
  221. PMOS: Positively doped Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
  222. PnP: Plug-and-Play
  223. POST: Power On Self Test
  224. PPP: Point-to-Point Protocol
  225. PQFP: Plastic Quad Flat Pack
  226. PROM: Programmable Read Only Memory
  227. PSTN: Public Switched Telephone Network
  228. PSP: Program Segment Prefix
  229. PTE: Page Table Entry
  230. QAM: Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
  231. QFP: Quad Flat Pack
  232. QIC: Quarter Inch Cartridge
  233. RAM – Random-access memory
  234. RAID: Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks
  235. RAMDAC: Random Access Memory Digital to Analogue Converter
  236. RAS: Row Address Strobe
  237. RCA: Radio Corporation of America
  238. RCC: Routing Control Center
  239. RDRAM: Rambus DRAM
  240. RFC: Request For Comments
  241. RFI: Radio Frequency Interference
  242. RI: Ring Indicator
  243. RISC: Reduced Instruction-Set Computer
  244. RLL: Run Length Limited
  245. RMS: Root Mean Squared
  246. RMW: Read Modify Write
  247. ROM: Read Only Memory
  248. RPC: Remote Procedure Call
  249. RPM: Rotations Per Minute
  250. RTC: Real Time Clock
  251. RTS: Request To Send
  252. SAM: Sequential Access Memory
  253. SASI: Shugart Associates Standard Interface
  254. SCSI: Small Computer Systems Interface
  255. SD: Single Density
  256. SDLC: Synchronous Data Link Control
  257. SDRAM: Synchronous Dynamic RAM
  258. SDRAM DDR: Double Data Rate SDRAM
  259. SDRAM BDDR: Bi-Directional Strobed DDR SDRAM
  260. SE: Systems Engineer
  261. SEC: Single Edge Contact
  262. SFF: Small Form Factor
  263. SGRAM: Synchronous Graphics RAM
  264. SMS : Short Message Service
  265. SIMD: Single-Instruction Multiple-Data
  266. SIMM: Single Inline Memory Module
  267. SIPP: Single Inline Pinned Package
  268. SISD: Single-Instruction Single-Data
  269. SLIP: Serial Line Internet Protocol
  270. SMD: Surface Mount Device
  271. SMT: Surface Mount Technology
  272. SNA: System Network Architecture
  273. SNR: Signal to Noise Ratio
  274. SOL: Small Out Line
  275. SOIC: Small Outline Integrated Circuit
  276. SPOOL: Simultaneous Peripheral Operation On Line
  277. SPT: Sectors Per Track
  278. SPU: Single Processor Unit
  279. SRAM: Static Random Access Memory
  280. SS: Single Sided
  281. STDM: Synchronous Time Division Multiplexing
  282. STN: Super Twisted Nematic
  283. STU: Streaming Tape Unit
  284. SVGA: Super Video Graphics Array
  285. TCM: Trellis Code Modulation
  286. TCP : Transmission Control Protocol
  287. TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
  288. TDM: Time Division Multiplexing
  289. TI: Texas Instruments
  290. TIA: Telecomm Industry Association
  291. TLB: Translation-Look aside Buffer
  292. TPI: Tracks Per Inch
  293. TRANSISTOR: TRANSformer resISTOR
  294. TSR: Terminate and Stay Resident
  295. TTL: Transistor-Transistor Logic
  296. UAE: Unrecoverable Application Error
  297. UART: Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
  298. USART: Universal Synchronous/Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
  299. UDP: User Datagram Protocol
  300. UMB: Upper Memory Block
  301. USB: Universal Serial Bus
  302. UNIX: A trademark used for a computer disk operating system
  303. UPS – Uninterruptible power supply
  304. USL: UNIX System Labs
  305. UUCP: UNIX to UNIX Copy Program
  306. VIRUS : Vital Information Resources Under Seize
  307. VDU : Visual Display Unit
  308. VBE: Video BIOS Extensions
  309. VCR: Video Cassette Recorder
  310. VESA: Video Enhanced Standards Association
  311. VGA: Video Graphics Array
  312. VLB: VESA Local Bus
  313. VLIW: Very Long Instruction Word
  314. VLSI: Very Large Scale Integration
  315. VM: Virtual Memory
  316. VME: Versa Module Euro-car
  317. VRAM: Video Random Access Memory
  318. VRT: Voltage Reduction Technology
  319. VTR: Video Tape Recorder
  320. WAN : Wide area network
  321. WATS: Wide Area Telephone Service
  322. WD: Western Digital
  323. WORM: Write Once – Read-Many
  324. WRAM: Window Random Access Memory
  325. WS: Wait State
  326. WWW : World Wide Web
  327. XGA: eXtended Graphics Array
  328. XMS: Extended Memory Specification
  329. XOR: Exclusive-OR
  330. XNOR: Exclusive-NOR
  331. XT: eXtended Technology
  332. ZIF: Zero Insertion Force
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